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Open Educational Resources Definitions

 I. Definitions

Copyright. Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished work.
Creative Commons License. Creative Commons licenses manage the copyright terms that attach automatically to all creative material under copyright, and allow that material to be shared and reused under terms that are flexible and legally sound. 3F
Open Educational Resources (OER). OER are freely accessible, openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, educational, assessment and research purposes.
Public Domain. A work of authorship is in the public domain if it is no longer under copyright protection or if it failed to meet the requirements for copyright protection. Works in the public domain may be used freely without the permission of the former copyright owner.
The Commons. Refers to the body of work that is available to the public for free and legal sharing, use, repurposing, and remixing.
OER Course. A CVCC course that is either openly licensed (zero-cost) or uses some additional content which is copyrighted but used with expressed permission from the copyright owners granted to the faculty on a case-by-case basis, or is taught with materials that have a total cost less than $40.
  1. Zero Cost Textbook: OER. Materials published under Creative Commons License, or any of the several public copyright licenses, or are in the Public Domain.
  1. Low Cost Textbook: OER. Other CC BY-licensed materials that students must purchase to defray printing cost.
  1. Zero Cost Textbook: non-OER. Copyrighted materials from library subscriptions and other resources which are provided free to students through the Learning Management System (LMS).
  1. Low Cost Textbook: non-OER. Materials with a total cost of less than $40.
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